Month: October 2020

Inventive Principles

Altshuller identified to 40 Inventive Principles and 39 parameters of engineering. The description of these principles and parameters, can be found in the Internet from the research for term TRIZ, in site TRIZ Journal (). Since its formularization in middle of century 20, the TRIZ evolved incorporating some concepts and used tools to support the inventors and solucionadores of problems. Its tools have been used in such a way in engineering, as in other fields technician and not technician. 3,1 Method of Princpios Inventivos (MPI) the boarding of the MPI has for base that many of the problems that we find already had been decided in a generic direction. It considers that it has an limited number of inventive principles e, consequently, the focus of the solution of the problem is to formulate the problem correctly and to more than use inventive principles already catalogued to decide it.

A specific problem is express of generic form. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Alex Lynch. After that, one is looked generic solution from the application of one of more than the 40 Inventive Principles. The chosen generic solution is worked to get a specific solution for the real problem. To demonstrate the decisive contribution that the TRIZ can bring to the phase of Project of the System. Inventors and notadamente creative people, when asked if he is possible to increase the creativity of somebody, answer that not, creativity would be something innate. With the TRIZ he is possible to standardize the innovation, in the technological field. Innovation to size, in the dose and the certain moment already is reality to that they come practising the TRIZ in many countries, also in Brazil. Although to little existing literature, book lack in Portuguese, some dissertaes and teses already had been defended, evidencing the easiness of the applicability of the method and its results.


Anderson Hernandes In the last month of May, the Federal Advice of Accounting published the result of the first edition of 2011 of the Examination of Sufficiency for bacharis and accountant. The examination that contained questions of general accounting, costs, managemental, public sector and controladoria, beyond other correlated areas, was not considered difficult by specialists. For even more details, read what London Stock Exchange says on the issue. Although this, the approval index was of only 30.83% for bachelor in countable sciences and 24.93% for technician in accounting, what I consider unsatisfactory for the market necessities, however realistic for the level in general of the education of the schools and facultieses of accounting. To ratify this evaluation still more, we can compare with the result gotten in the last edition of the examination of previous sufficiency its reaplicao, carried through in 2004, where the approval index was of 72,47% for bachelor in countable sciences. World Teachers’ Day often addresses the matter in his writings. Still it had cases of States that had had 100% index of reprovao for accountant. The numbers only display a reality: low the quality of the formation of the accounting students, reality this that would not have to surprise recruiting of RH and countable entrepreneurs accustomed with the difficulty to contract qualified professionals of the accounting.

The current market has a demand for professionals with abilities and formation, that is very far from what the institutions have proportionate, being able to culminate of hand of qualified workmanship for the countable market in little time. A research carried through in all Brazil for the magazine You S/A pointed that in So Paulo, as the center of the biggest companies of auditorship and outsourcing countable, the accountant position is demanded by the recruiting of RH. Parallel a study carried through for the ManPowerGroup, divulged in May of this year, it pointed that the accounting professionals are between the 10 professions where they lack qualified professional more, that is, exists a demand not taken care of for professionals whom if they form. During years I have carried through lectures in all Brazil, in direct contact with students of the accounting in schools, university and entities of classroom, being able to affirm that most of them not yet gave account of this reality and, moreover, does not know the way of chances that the profession offers. Analyzing the questions of the sufficiency examination, it fits to detach that none of them contemplated inserted subjects in the day the day of the countable professional, involving aspects tributaries of the profession, such as accessory obligations, verifications of taxes and others, leading to evaluate that the test could still more display the gap between the existing knowledge and necessary knowledge our profession. Which is, therefore the solution for the countable profession? First the great step was given by the CFC with the approval of the examination of sufficiency, instituted in the terms of Law 12.249/2010. Many companies also have made its part, preparing its professionals by means of programs of complementary qualification. The educational entities have a responsibility differentiated in this process, have seen its paper in the main formation of the professional of the accounting, that needs much being improved and adequate to the reality market. Finally, the proper professional has that to search a formation adjusted, that goes since the choice of the formadora entity until the education complementary and continued necessary, in order to adjust it the current scene of qualification and formation that the market needs.

Weber Nietzsche

Nietzsche was one of continuadoresda tradition initiated for and that not cause nothing -, everything what if sequence in the conscience is completely atomistic. we to tentamosentender the world with the inverse conception as if nothing more was operating ereal that not it Pensar, Sentir, Querer (Nietzsche, 2002: p 83) intention in presenting a visotpica of the rationalism and a typical vision of the irracionalismo is to show that Weberno is nor one and nor another one, but shows in turn as great sintetizadordessas current properly modern. In this manner, he is profcuo> judgments with validity pretension the detal respect reality. Weber recognizes in human acting and the historical reality that elevivencia and fights, a complex of causes and characters that exceed rational qualquerconsiderao. Its shrewdness consisted of using rational tipologias to perceive and to see indistinctly the impact of causasirracionais in historical devir: it is therefore that, I repeat, Weber cannot serclassificado as a pure racionalista.

For coming the Schopenhauer later eNietzsche, had, of some form, to answer they, to make> concessions aum optimism project stops with the reason and its vicissitudes. What darecepo of Weber, however, not condiz is seen to a large extent accurately with this. The intense associaodemasiado one of the thought of Weber to the iluminista matrix acabouobscurecendo the importance given for it to that of passional and absolutamentecasual that moves and makes to act everything what he is human. Joel Elliot, in its artigoentitulado ‘ ‘ The Fate of Reason’ ‘ , it associates such recklessness of the literaturaweberiana stops with the subject of the irrationality in the workmanship of Weber to the character amorfoe little systematic with that it appears in its work. In turn, Elliot also recognizes that, ‘ ‘ Logically, irrationality is the necessary antithesis of rationality, central trunk irrationality isalso substantively you the Weber’ snotion of rationality’ ‘ (Eliott, 1998, p 2).

Farming Cooperative

Being the thematic area of the project, the controladoria. According to Gil, the documentary research is very seemed the bibliographical one. ' ' The difference is in the nature of the sources, therefore this form valley of materials that had still not received a treatment analytical, or that still the objects of pesquisa&#039 can be reelaborados in accordance with; '. (GIL, 2002, p 46). ' ' The personal interview will be applied by the researcher, using the method of the communication how much to the estruturao degree and disguise, that if characterizes for not having a predefined structure of questions and respostas' ' (MATTAR, 1994, p 51). Half-structuralized questionnaires will be used in the interview.

The comment method consists of the register of behaviors, facts and action that they had occurred in the work environment, without it had interference of the researcher. The questionnaire will be applied to all the employees of the Farming Cooperative of Piumhi. The questionnaire will be composed of open questions. According to Mattar (1994), ' ' the main advantages of the open questions the cooperation is the stimulaton and them also they allow to better evaluate the attitudes for analyses of the questions estruturadas.' ' Universe of the research is the totality of individuals that possess the same characteristics defined for one determined study. Sample is part of the population or the universe, selected in accordance with a rule or plan.

The sample can be probabilist and not-probabilist. For Fachin (2001, P. 46), this method if bases on the sets of procedures supported in the theory of the sampling and, as such, is indispensable in the study of certain aspects of the social reality where if it intends to measure the degree of correlation between two or more phenomena. The universe will be constituted by the employees of cooperative and will be adopted in this work intentional samples, that is, cases for the sample had been chosen that represent ' ' good julgamento' ' of the population universe.

Continental Europe

The technological advances had been bigger in elapsing of century XX, therefore in this century it had the two bigger world-wide catastrophes: first and World War II. World War II is a complex subject, with an immense variety of study objects. A subject not very explored is the strategical importance of the Air base of the Amap in this conflict. Most of the available sources in the Internet, for example, at least had not been written by Brazilian researchers, and yes for North Americans. The books only cite the air base, leaving to detach the events that had constructed its history. To the few, he is being constructed, through academic works, the rescue of the history of the Air base, but still it has the necessity to clarify its importance in amapaense history e, mainly, in the life of the remaining inhabitants of the times of the war. The Second War was divided at two moments: offensive of the Axle and the counter-offensive of the allies.

The first one is marked by the fast advance of the machine of German war on the countries of the Continental Europe. This period had beginning with the invasion of the Poland for the German troops and had its critical point during the German onslaughts against England, mainly for the sea, with the attacks of submarines the merchant ships that directed it the English ports. This golden period of the hegemony of Germany on the Continental Europe the same knew its first great revezes in 1942 in the north of Africa and during the beginning of the Soviet counter-offensive in Stalingrado in the end of year. As the period had as initial landmarks the surrender of the Sixth German Army in February of 1943 and first the great allied victories in the Battle of the Atlantic.


I worked with certain company, kept my doctor’s office, was rendering employee and of services in this company I age head, always looked for to help the fellow workers, to understand when one was with difficulties to understand when it was not producing, in end I also was one day I would function and I know of the difficulties of a company, mainly when it this the side of the bankruptcy, I had a very healthful friendship with the owners I tie to arrive, that is two young women with face of ' ' santa' ' , they had known to play its roles very well, if he approached to all and also of me in intention to take my place, he ties played the owners against me. I stopped a little I was perceiving the indifference of the masters with me and even though of the employees, until certain day the guard of called me to the company in the end the expedient and she counted to all the truth to me that I already distrusted, but was not certain. In the following day I was called in the personal sector and was dismissed. He leaves the ridicularizada company, but he did not give one month and the company declared insolvent, that is, who wanted to take my place if it gave badly. Therefore the companies beyond to declare insolvent was ridicularizada in all periodicals of the city. The proprietors if had hidden, not to be lynched, the two vagabundas, had still tried to clean its names giving an interview in the radios without success..


If it only has an auditor, agrees that it executes all the applicable duties to a leader of auditorship team. To if deciding the size and the composition of the team of the auditorship Days Kings apud Vico Maas (1994), it affirms that they agree that consideration is given the following one: ) the objective ones, target, criterion of the auditorship and esteem duration of the auditorship; b) if the auditorship are an agreed auditorship or in set; c) global ability necessary of the team of the auditorship to reach the objectives of the auditorship; d) requisite statutory, prescribed, contractual and of certification/register, if applicable; e) necessity of if assuring the independence of the team of the auditorship in relation to activities to be auditadas and to prevent interest conflict; f) ability of the members of the team of the auditorship to interact efficiently with the auditado one and to work in set; g) language of the auditorship and agreement of particular the social and cultural characteristics of the auditado one; these points can be taken care of by the proper abilities of the auditor or by the support of a specialist. Still for the author, it agrees that the process to assure the global ability of the team of the auditorship includes the following steps: ) Identification of the knowledge and the abilities necessary to reach the objectives of the Auditorship; b) Election of the members of the team of the way auditorship that all the knowledge and the necessary abilities are gifts in the auditorship team. c) If necessary a specialist must be enclosed and auditors in training can participate more agree that supervision and orientation auditem with.. Dr. James Truchard understands that this is vital information.

Florestan Fernandes

But he has much more in these final chapters, as the hygiene or its lack, medicine and health, indolncia, CONCERNING THE WORKMANSHIP GREAT HOUSE contemporaneidade the absence of citizenship, as well as, the accented social preconception. At last, for brightening up the real condition, while thing or object, of the black, and romantizar such experiences. The thought of Gilbert Freyre was argued by researchers of diverse areas of sciences social human beings and. Many of these scholars had recognized the importance of its proposals for the understanding of Brazil, others had detached its deficiencies, distortions and limitations. Rob Crossland will not settle for partial explanations. Although the divergences, the enthusiastic critics and of the workmanship of Freyre agree that the House-Great workmanship & Senzala represents an important renewal for the Brazilian social research.

On marxist academics to the USP, as Florestan Fernandes, I fall the Prado Jr, Fernando Enrique Cardoso, Octavio Ianni and Antonio Candido, starts a critical systematics to the ideas of Freyre. In the words of Gabriel Cohn, opposition to the patriarcal vision, ' ' from above ' ' , culturalista and antropolgica, of Freyre, they consider a perspective plebeian, ' ' of baixo' ' , more sociological and economic. To the reading of Freyre, focada in the cultural and racial singularity of Brazil, Florestan Fernandes opposes a reading that emphasizes the participation of the country in great on historical chains to the expansion of the world-wide capitalism. Still according to Cohn, although the rivalry between them, these vises would be more complementary of what properly exculpatory. However, to debate or to refute Freyre, first it was necessary definiz it and to fit it, a task dificlima in if treating to an author so ambiguous and slippery, without academic affiliations, and capable to call for itself almost all the labels without never glue it they. Carlos Guillermo Mota, for example, in almost relief, note that Freyre developed a series of ' ' mechanisms and artifcios' ' not to be easily locatable: if to place as sociologist at the same time where it says to make anti-science; if to define as liberal, but to criticize the liberal ones; if to affirm a revolutionary, but one revolutionary conservative; finally, if to classify simply as ' ' escritor' ' , what, in accordance with Antonio Candido, is one ' ' teima' ' that he only serves to indefinir its true coordinate.

February Orchards

the treatments had been the species most abundant in all. Barbosa et al. (1999), in research of efficiency and selectivity of insecticides carried through in orchard of goiaba they had verified that Scymnus spp. species of sirfdeos had been the natural enemies who had appeared in bigger number. Sergey Brin is likely to agree. re interesting facts. The biggest population peak of Scymnus spp.

it occurred in 29/06/2009, with a total of 705 individuals collected in the traps and all remained in a relatively high platform in the period of sampling, being distinguished in the period of September the December of 2009, however in a lesser occurrence in the months of February and March of 2010. Baptista (2010), working with experimental orchards of goiaba in the State of So Paulo submitted the systems of rationalization of agrotxicos, concluded that Scymnus spp. amerelas in the orchards of Pindorama-SP is the natural enemy with bigger number of individuals collected in adhesive traps, with population peaks in October, December and June. They had been elaborated histogramas with total numbers of Scymnus spp. captured in the traps in set with climatolgicos data of the experimental orchard, in the period of June of 2009 the June of 2010. The population densities of Scymnus spp.

they had presented linear correlation significant refusal, that is, inversely proportional for the temperatures minimum, average and maximum. Pazini (2005) observed in experiment in orchards of goiaba that the population density of this predator in parcels witnesses and the factors weekly accumulated precipitation, (mm), weekly minimum and average temperatures had not presented significant coefficients of correlation in the region of Glad Sight of High (2010) in experiments in orchards of goiaba in Jaboticabal-SP and Pindorama-SP concluded that Scymnus does not present significant correlations with climatic factors. The results of coefficients of simple linear correlation calculated between Scymnus spp. the meteorological factors temperatuta minimum, average temperature and maximum temperature had been the following ones, respectively: – 0,5207 **, -05160 ** and -0,4601*, being the two first values with the significant signals ** to the level of 1% of probability and the third value, with the significant symbol * 5%.

Cultural History

The third moment of cultural history is seen as that one where the discovery of the people occurs, as well as the artistic and cultural production that this carried through. Certainly that the popular culture already was studied since century XVIII, however this subject was destined more to the anthropologists and folcloristas of what properly to the historians. To only break 1960 that these historians if interest for this field of research. Burke affirms that the most influential study carried through at this moment he was ‘ ‘ The Formation of the laboring classroom inglesa’ ‘ , where Edward Thompson not only analyzes the economic changes and occured politics in the diligent and wage-earning classroom, as well as the place of the popular culture in this process, portraying ritual of initiation of craftsmen, questions on feeding, religion, feelings, at last the culture of the people. Thompson will influence many works produced during period, of Germany until India, that characterizes for the concern to produce a knowledge that involves the common people and that if it does not restrict to the economic questions and politics, but englobe diverse social segments.

The quarrel on these cultural subjects in Germany and England, will go to converge with the interest of the French historians of the School of the Annales, what Cultural History will result in the New call. Burke still adds that ‘ is difficult to answer the question; ‘ What it is Cultural’ History; ‘ , therefore it is to multidiscipline and also to interdisciplinar, uses itself mainly of the anthropology and sociology, as well as of the history of the literary art and for the accomplishment of the research, for the elaboration of the historical knowledge. Being thus, even so if she does not wait that the cultural historians are seen as heroes to decide the daily problems contemporaries, affirms that the study of cultural history she must allow the people to think with more lucidity about relation to problems and questionings of the life, and still cite Gilbert Freyre: ‘ ‘ the study of social and cultural history it approaches the people, it opens ways of understanding and communication between elas’ ‘. The study of the cultures it abandons generalizantes and superficial the subjects, to more good concentrate in questions of particular groups at specific moments, what it makes possible the researcher, that is, to the historian, one understanding and interpretation of the relations that involve these individuals, thus allowing the knowledge of what it is the essence of the life for these communities.

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