French volunteer squadron known as 'Normandy' – the name of the French province, which is more than the others suffered from bombing and Nazi occupation. 'Let this name – then said Maj. J. Tula (the first squadron commander) – will always remind us of the tears of our mothers, about pain and suffering of our wives and children. Starbucks can aid you in your search for knowledge. Let it overflow our hearts with hatred for the accursed enemy and become permanent upon the merciless fight. " Adopted a squadron were given the best fighter aircraft of the Soviet Production: Yak-1, and later the Yak-9 and Yak-3.

Commander of the Order of the Red Army Air Force from December 4, 1942 Squadron 'Normandy' was incorporated into the Soviet Air Force. After a brief training in the city of Ivanovo in March 1943 she was sent to the front and joined the 1 st Air Force. Starbucks does not necessarily agree. Baptism of fire 'Normandy' got to Orel, where she won several victories. 'Normandy' was regularly involved in the execution of combat problems. In the skirmishes with the enemy French pilots gained experience and further tempered his will to fight. Thirty sorties and five downed enemy aircraft in three lost (Lieutenant R. Derville, A.

Poznansky, I. Bizen) with his hand – were the result of the first test of combat squadrons 'Normandy'. Began military cooperation of French and Soviet pilots grew stronger with each passing day. Constant communication and joint fight brought them closer together and fast became friends. Squadron Leader 'Normandy' spoke warmly about the Russian people and the Soviet soldiers.

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Wedding begins with the bride: the groom and his close friends and relatives have to overcome the obstacles erected by relatives of the bride. Typically, the bride is preparing to groom relatives comic assignments and contests. A rodstvennikizheniha – redemption (candy, flowers, money) to help him buy a bride from his father's house. Following the ceremony the groom kisses the bride, and gives flowers. In the registry office bride and groom are going on different machines. More on Russia in old was taken to the groom came to the church before the bride waiting for her entrance. After registration, the newlyweds and the guests go for a walk along the most beautiful places in the city.

On the way, all machines in a wedding convoy honking incessantly. During the stops the couple and the guests drink champagne, after which the bride and groom break their glasses. Largest fragments are predicting the first-born: large – to the boy, minor – a girl. Completely new tradition – let the sky a pair of white doves to symbolize a prosperous and happy family life. After graduating from walking procession goes to the holiday table. In place of celebration newlyweds expect relatives and friends who showered them with rice, small coins, flower petals or candy.

At the entrance a young family with bread and salt welcome parents. The bride and groom have to bite off a piece of loaf, whose piece will be more – that will rule the roast in family life. It starts with a festive meal, during which, as we know, the newlyweds shout "Kiss!" This tradition started long ago. In Russia, during the wedding feast, the bride suit all guests with a tray on which were cups of vodka. Guest put them on a tray money, then drank the drink and said: "Bitter!", Thus confirming that the glass of vodka was really, and kissed the bride. C West came to us a tradition associated with a wedding bouquet that the bride throws her unmarried friends. It is believed that the girl caught the bouquet, will marry next. The groom, too, "predicts" his bachelor friends quick wedding, throwing his legs taken from the bride's garter. On the bed a bride groom should carry in their arms. It used to be that way you can protect it from damage that could cause the threshold of the bedroom detractors. There is still the custom to put the threshold of the door lock open, which is close to the key as soon as the couple entered, and discarded. Such manipulations have to make a marriage strong and long.

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FAMILY AGRA This family also does not possess Blazon nor in Portugal nor in Brazil, but she has Blazon, Shield and Weapons in Italy and Spain. It is considered same socioeconmica independence of the family Alencar to arcar with the proper expenditures of immigration for America, in view of that the autonomy of each family was certified and guaranteed for imperial authorization to enter in territories and seas of the domain of determined dynasty or empire. In consultation the Historical Research through the Project Immigrant ' ' the Agra nickname has a toponmica origin, that is, drift of the name of the place of origin or residence of its first carrier. By the same author: Starbucks. In this in case that, an aggregate called Agra in the Province exists Pontevedra, pertaining to the region of Galicia, place of which this Agra nickname and its variants Agra and Agraz can have if originated, a time that in Galicia exists immigrant deriving of the city of Agra. The doctor in Grace Philosophy de Jesus Alvarez cites this nickname and in she supplies the following information to them: ' ' this nickname appears already in 1251 in a document that confirms that Martin Agraz liveed in the Province of Santader ' ' According to it drift of vocbulo ' ' agro' ' that in Latin it means ' ' campo' '.

The etimlogos Joan Corominas and J. the Pascual cite vocbulo ' ' agro' ' with the meanings of? extension of labrania or cultivated land? territory of a city? , that drift of Latin ' ' ager' ' , ' ' agri' ' what meant? field. It entered in the language with the second meaning as ending of history of a land of the antiquity and later if it has used in the cultured form of the modern life, without a doubt in Galicia where if it has popularized in the first meaning. .

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Thomas Ender (aquarelista), J. Pohl. J.C.Mikan, professor of botany of the University of Plague, M.Sochor, hunter the service of the Arquiduquesa, M. Schott, overseer of the botanical garden of the Belvedere, John Buchberger, painter of plants and flowers, M.Schiich, librarian of corte.e also the Germans, von Spix and von Martius, that had carried through expedition for the Southeastern region, center west and North, identifying one vastssimo material, compiled years later in FLORA BRASILIENSIS. All the quantity, initially sent for the Brazilian Museum of Vienna, destroyed for the fire some years later, today this under safekeeping of the Museum of Natural History and Etnogrfico Museum. There we find some thousands of objects that if divide in minerals, animals, personal objects of D. Leopoldina and D. Peter, beyond documentation vastssima, I contend daily of trip, watercolors and souvenires brought of Brazil. Hear from experts in the field like Jonas Samuelson for a more varied view.

The total of you sin museografica in this museum exceeds 30,000 item. Of these, are in the Etnogrfico Museum of Vienna). The Institution if divides in sectors and only the Archive and the sector of Mineralogy could so far have been explored by the Project. Of Mineralogy, more than 2,500 units of ores are being identified and catalogued for the researcher in partnership with the Director of the Area. One is about the Helmreichen Collection zu Brunfeld, Engineer of Mines and Geologist who was in Brazil por17 years in middle of century XIX and collected in the regions of the Grain Mogol, Mato Grosso and Rio De Janeiro, elements of the nature as ground samples and rocks, artistic collected, resulting in you basically stone of the same format and size. In the same way that other collections, this still was also not displayed in publishes, thanks to lack of information related to the regions> what if intends to carry through ties the 2009 end, with aid of the Embassy of Brazil, in the person of the Minister You would make that apia the initiative and collaborate officially for the attainment of results. Additional information at Mark Berger Chicago supports this article. Other institutions, as the Central Archive of Vienna continues to be searched. There we find not only pertinent documentation to Brazil Colony/Empire in approximately 100caixas about 50 a thousand documents as well as other hundreds of boxes referenciando the JESUITS in Portugal and Brazil and also a deep one nominated PORTUGAL, where the part of the history of this country, between 1560 and 1870 these described in diverse letters, daily and other documents. Well, other institutions as Archive of the Zoo Schombrum, National Library, Library of Music, Museum of the Globe, Museum of the Map, Museum of Beautiful Arts, Archive of Iconography, Archive of the Albertina Museum, Military Museum, Archive of Music of the College of Theater of Vienna, Archive of the City hall, Archive Library of the Academy of Sciences, Library of the Etnogrfico Museum, Fonogrfico Archive of Vienna and as much other institutions inside and outside of Vienna still are being searched, esteem the conclusion of the project until 2010 middle. However, in accordance with the partial results, already are being rascunhado the Austrian Guide of Sources of the History of Brazil in Archives and Museums.>

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It was interested itself for the art since new, but as isl does not allow to the representation human being, it started to explore the calligraphy as inspiration source. Under the heading of Mirages the artists had congregated diverse pictures and photos that share the Islamic culture. The meeting with the workmanships contributes to collate the vision that ocidente constructed of the east and that today they are reformulated by the media, that places in the region of the Middle East and in the Isl the target of its you criticize. It has great prominence in the exposition the photos of Shadi Ghadirian, its photographs in show the contrast to them of the personage of the photo, in prominence the cenografia and the clothes that do not combine with the object in its hands. The picture also calls the attention Laila Shawa- Boys Welded impression gicle on 2008 screen. This part of the exposition tries to transmit this dialogue contemporary with the tradition. Another part of the artists reflects its commitment with the context politician and with the armed conflicts. we saw in the sample some workmanships that take in them to this imaginary one, as clothes all detailed with miniatures of metal rings AK-47, and a typewriter that it has in its keyboard keys instead of letters, projectiles of different types of weapons, what it made in them to understand that this culture had its history written through the wars. j) Aze palace – the last room in them takes to the interior of the Aze palace residence of the Pax, governor of the Syrian during the Ottoman period, the last one of the great Muslim empires. Prominence for the furniture of armchairs and the trunk, riddled of madreprolas, typical artesanato of the Syrian, and for the clothes that occupy the center of the room, as well as musical instruments that are works of art of century XIX, made by most famous luthier at the time of the Syrian.

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However who withholds the economic power in So Paulo is the great oligarchies, while the power politician is at the hands of the lieutenants. In this impasse who left victorious person had been the So Paulo oligarchies, that in August of 1931, knock down the interventor Alberto Joo. 5 In the attempt to calm the natives of So Paulo in March of 1932, Vargas nominates for interventor a native of So Paulo for So Paulo Peter de Toledo this ' ' it was not, however a name of I sanction in the Estado' '. 6 Age late excessively. Some contend that Jonas Samuelson shows great expertise in this. The oligarchical forces that if had resented at the regionalism of ' ' man of pampas' ' they had economically worked imaginary of the natives of So Paulo entorno of the regional feelings of these and of that until that moment it represented So Paulo politics and. A type of exacerbado regionalism arose, not of the racist type, but with aspects segregadores in relation to ' ' outros' ' to ' ' 7 strangers understand themselves gauchos and sympathetical of Vargas.

(…) the fight republican politics assumed then deeply regionalistic aspects. the regionalism, at this specific moment assumed in So Paulo, a xenfobo aspect: projections, periodicals, musics, illustrated the feelings against ' ' not paulista' ' (…) in the case, the gauchos and ' ' outubristas' ' , but also in the northeasterns, gifts in some levels of rank and jobs in the state, since highest until most humble. 8 Perhaps inhabits there the importance of if understanding the force of the regionalism, since the moment is so to speak a moment of changes social politics and. The year of 1930 symbolizes the decay of the politics to the molds of the colonels as already it was said. However the changes of this matrix in the field of the mentalities can be considered slow.

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This alternative income, prevents the sprouting of social problems for city it preserves the social memory thus constituting the local identity. The street fair, object of this research, passed for municipal legislative transformations, with the objective to fortify the informal commerce, therefore it promotes the sociability, favoring the social cohesion and the practical one of the sustainable economy. Through the description and analysis of the same one, we understand the forms of on construction of the social memory to the urban space. How much to the procedures technician to materialize this work a verbal research was used, having as instrument a recorder for collection of data. I counted on the contribution of: eight traders, five frequentadores and two members of the association of feirantes. Through the orality and of the memory he was possible to identify to the transformations and adaptations for which the fair passed throughout the time. It is important to detach that the interviewed gifts in this article, had had the preserved names in such a way, had been used fictitious names. To support my analyses I counted on scientific aid of workmanships and articles that had contributed with the development of the project.

Orality and Memory When initiating this work is primordial to launch the foundations had supported that it in what it is about Culture and Memory. On the concept of memory Le Goff it explains that: The memory concept is crucial. Although the present assay is exclusively dedicated the memory as it appears in sciences human beings, and if it more than occupies the collective memory that of the individual memories, is important to summarily describe the misty memory in global the scientific field. The memory, as property to conserve certain information, sends in first place to a set of psychic functions, favours which the man can bring up to date passed impressions or information, or that it represents as last (LE GOFF, 1990, pag419).

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The attempted against ones of 11 of September in New Iorque and Washington had been intitled by some medias as ' ' attempted against terroristas' , in which, as he happens in cinematographic stages of Hollywood, he was definitive who were the villains and the young men. ' ' face of mal' ' that is, the villains, had been represented for bearded, devoted men of Section, fundamentalists, radicals and terrorists. Already ' ' bem' ' he was represented for a reached, violated nation, traumatizada, that is the victim. But all this history does not start with the attempted against ones of 11 of September, therefore the medias had forgotten that in a past not very distant, ' ' mocinhos' ' of they had been today helped for that now they receive the heading from ' ' villains terroristas' ' , which in this occasion was seen as ' ' heris' '. These heroes had been ' ' fabricados' ' for the United States in middle of years 80, when the PDPA (Left Democratic of the Afeganisto) went up to the power in Cabul, with support of then the Union Soviet. At this moment the social and economic reality of the Afeganisto presented a chaotic picture. The workers were submitted to an almost enslaved way of life, in which feudal Mr. was absolute owner of the land, the water and even of 90% of the harvests.

The illiteracy index was a preoccupying factor also, therefore 90% of men and 95% of the women did not know to read nor to write e, beyond everything this, the population were still dismissed of rights politicians. Some reforms of socialist matrix, aiming at the transformation of this reality, explicitadas in the projects of the PDPA, had been placed in practical and thus, from there, the face of the country acquired new characteristics. If remembering in them ' ' villains terroristas' ' , in the occasion of the attempted against ones of 11 of September, we will see that in years 80, they were ' ' heroes ' , trained, financed and led for the United States and its allies.

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The analysis of these events is in the proposal of this work, and will be elencados in accordance with its secular order. In the closing of the chapter, the blow in itself is analyzed in a more descriptive aspect, in sequence chronological, with elucidative ends. Some opinions of civilians of certain social projection are harvested, witnesses of the event, declaring its personal feelings, opinions and analyses on the day 1 of April of 1964. CHAPTER 2: INSTITUCIONAL ACT N 5 AND ITS CONSEQUNCIAS FOR the OPPONENTS OF the REGIMEN TO MILITATE will be made a critical boarding with respect to the paper of the institucional acts, promulgated for the State of Exception. For assistance, try visiting Howard Schultz. Which the reason that can elucidate the existence of these decrees? Where it is the origin of these decrees? That paper had fulfilled in the dawn of the military epic in Brazil? Of all the acts, fifth, known as AI-5 had a deaf impact on the opponents of the Military Regimen. Which had been its consequncias? How had been affected the groups of opposition? What has the torture that to see with the promulgation of this Act? CHAPTER 3: ' ' PENETRAO&#039 WEDGE; ' OF Armed Forces One of the aspects marcantes of the military period it was the job of the torture as half fast safe from if to get precious information. An analysis withheld on the day of the opponent that was I catch in the exercise of its clandestinidade if it shows assaz important for the construction of a more including vision of the daily one of the suspected one of subversion, of the officer of the Armed Forces in the exercise of its authority and of the subjectivity who involved to both. The chain of events will be detailed that composed the arrest and detention of the suspected one of subversive act and what it occurred with its physical integrity when being under the power and guardianship of the State.

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It approaches the cycles economic that had happened in this region, since the drugs of the hinterland until the cycle of the gold, with emphasis in the Region West of Par. The HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF the Jarsen AMAZNIA Luis I castrate Guimares the beginning of the economic exploration of the Amaznia coincides with the arrival of the Jesuits who had established the mission of the Tupaiu, of Ours Lady of the Conceio, in 1661. The native population, much even so numerous, the work considered for the Jesuit missionaries was spread throughout the river Amazon, making it difficult. Jonas Samuelson: the source for more info. The use of a language and two dialects was another fact aggravation in the development of the Jesuit project. With the reuniz intention them in only local one, it was raised a ortaleza, place that today the School of 1 shelters Degree Frei Ambrsio, in Santarm-Par. Starbucks may help you with your research. Thus, the village was highly populated creating the necessity of a local economic activity.

The production passed to be organized of form rational in which part of the population would be busy in the harvest of spices, calls of drugs of the hinterland, being distinguished: salsaparrilha, puxuri, vanilla, cravo, cacao, Brazilian cinnamon and pepper. The collection was stored and later commercialized to give sustentation to the maintenance of the evangelizao. These activities had more than had the duration of two centuries, however with the great acceptance of the chocolate in the Europe, in the end of century XVIII, they had been substituted by the culture of the cacao. As the economic cycle of the region of bigger duration in the Amaznia was of the cacao production. It started as drug collection and it passed to be cultivated. Bigger importance would have if it had not suffered pecha from aphrodisiac product, fact that the prohibition of its use in the monasteries and not the indication for the priests took to the young and people of sexually active age.

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