Federal Constitution

, in the current language, he is synonymous of ‘ ‘ resduo’ ‘. The systems of urban cleanness are essential elements to the urban planning, the protection and conservation of the Environment and, above all, to the guarantee of a quality of satisfactory life to the population. In accordance with article 30, interpolated proposition V, of the Federal Constitution (1988), the public cleanness is of responsibility of the city, understanding since the preservation to the final destination. The Solid Residues as the too much ambient problems, are questions that need the participation of the society for its solution, therefore the governmental bodies act to implant an alternative and the population must keep it. The society needs an efficient system of urban cleanness for guarantee of the quality of life, however it does not have concern regarding what it will be made to treat to make use the garbage adequately, is only worried in moving away it from the urban way so that it does not bother the population. As aggravation the public administration, has thought the same when she does not have knowledge of the damages caused for the bad preservation, she collects and she has carried inefficient and destination and or inadequate final disposal.

In Brazil, the majority of the cities does not treat and nor makes use adequately its residues. This attitude is resulted of the information lack (Silva and Lopes, 2005). The inadequate disposal of RS can result in excellent ambient problems, as the production of leached/percolados potentially toxic had, for example, to the high concentrations of organic substance and ammoniac nitrogen that these, in general, present. However, the problems of public health hardly elapse of the direct contact of the populations with the RS, mainly of predominantly domestic characteristics, however, they consist in an order problem aesthetic, beyond habitat for proliferation of macro vectors, as rats, cockroachs, flies and micron vectors, as worms, bacteria and fungos.