Tag: geography

Managing Plan

In order to get one better quality of life in the city and consequently better harmony enters the diverse inserted sectors in this space, that appears a sufficiently important element for the process of transformation and planning of diverse interventions in the urban space, the managing plan. Regarding the managing plan we can say that the managing plan is a set of laws that, among others attributions, defines the rules of use and occupation of the ground by means of the law of urban zoning (SPSITO, 2001). By its intermediary, the city is divided in zones where the use of the ground must obey the preset norms (MOREIRA, 2002). The managing plans extend its action stop beyond the planning of the use of the ground, its quarrels also contemplate relative questions the services of health, habitation, environment and urban cleanness. It is from the promulgation of the Brazilian constitution of 1988, that the elaboration of the managing plans one becomes more than obligator for cities with 20 a thousand inhabitants.

Thus, Ribeiro (1997) says: ' ' … with famous articles 182 and 183, finishes for saying that the city will fulfill its function social when its process of production will be controlled for the State, through the planning urbano' '. Such documents are elaborated with the participation of some professionals of distinct areas of the knowledge, are they: architects, gegrafos, geologists, engineers among others. Its functions consist basically of making surveys technician that supply information about the functioning of the city, so that from the planejamentos politicians can there be accomplished by the way. Kevin Johnson has firm opinions on the matter. However, it is with the 1988 constitution, that a new group will be inserted in the elaboration of the managing plans? the population. In Christmas, the concern with the urban order is not so recent, the first Managing Plan of the City of Christmas was developed in 1974, in accordance with Duarte (2006), such plan counted on a planning team of exclusive team of the city hall of Christmas.

Cedar State

The present assay searchs to carry through one brief quarrel regarding the hdricas politics as strategy of development for the Cear. It is looked to know which the forms of relation between State and society that are ece of fishes, and which strategies had been adopted in its planning to take care of diverse and conflicting interests, between different social groups. One in accordance with perceives that the institucional mechanisms and technician used by the State by means of the DNOCS, with the construction of first dams, as the Cedar, the Ors, the Banabui, passing for the intervention of the SUDENE, with the creation of irrigation projects until arriving at the current days, the hdricas politics have been directed for diverse sectors, taking care of the economic and social demands that if modified the historical context in accordance with. Initially, the politics were of federal scope and were directed for the actions of confrontation of the estiagens, not having intervention on the part of the units of the federacy in regards to these questions. Later, projects of irrigation and exploitation of the water of dams in the agricultural way are initiated, with entrance of external and internal financings. With the social changes and politics that follow the Brazilian history, they are created half of prescribed and managing waters of state domain, of form that the Cear can intervine with its legislation and its institucional body, using of the knowledge technician in the management process. Each time more works the question of the water as a strategical resource capable to endow the Cear with the fixtures (SAINTS, 2006) which would favor the expansion and the economic growth of the State, giving to it endorsement for attraction of internal and external investments, and becoming it prominence in national scope for its practical of management hdricas considered by the agencies of international financing, as being coherent and consolidated (AMARAL SON, 2003).