Fuel oil with a temperature over 150 degrees is used to produce bitumen. Fuel oil in this case "boiled" bringing it to the state of bitumen. Currently on the market in addition to Standard of fuel oil have demand for fuel oil flooded or fuel oil specifications (specifications). Flooding is varying and is measured in percentages. For example, when talking about fuel oil from the watering of up to 10% meaning the water at the molecular level.
Upon the sale of fuel oil on the water, not physical can be no question – the physical water can collect in the nearest pond for much less money. Fuel oil flooded and specifications are of different origin. The most common and least Tushnov – a fuel oil storage, which irrigate. They are in containers in factories or storage depots, and it can be in this case in large quantities. Also, get that fuel oil by draining heavily watered fuel oils, emulsions collected steaming stations, filtration and drying of various oil sludge collected from the wells. It is such fuel oil suffer high content of mechanical impurities, paraffin and various acids and alkalis. These ingredients get there from the same wells in which they again fall within the wash mixture, which was washed with the pipeline system. Of course, that these are mainly chlorides include corroding metal fittings.
Also in These fuel oils are added waste oils, the way they reduce the sulfur content of the product. Increased solids content leads to premature wear of rubbing surfaces in the valves and nozzles, etc. Elevated levels of paraffin leads to a premature narrowing and or clogging of channels due to the higher freezing temperature. Increased ash content leads to premature internal cleansing the boiler (from scale) and also affects the poor miscibility with other fuel oil. Of high-oil falls, like a layered cocktail. Exports of fuel oil is mainly from first to third type. For export to Unfortunately, the Russian oil taken as raw material for further, more advanced processing and obtaining from him various kinds of petroleum products like diesel fuel, heating oil, bitumen, etc. The export fuel oil in two main ways. Rail transport and tanker. If the railway transport more or less clear, then a tanker in more detail. For transportation by tankers from the nearby ports must be kept large stores – bunkers. For a long time, fuel bunker to with the coming season could be no downtime, and unnecessary time-consuming to load tankers. Requirements for fuel oil for bunkering is very high. Exports are exports. Transportation of fuel oil carried by road in a special bitumen, equipped with thermal shirts and sometimes pumps. The temperature in the tank falls on one or two degrees per day. Rail tank cars per ton of fuel oil more beneficial if the consumer has a dead end for discharge and storage space. If the fuel oil is a physical water, it is sure to discourage road. When calculating the mass necessary to know the density. Density multiplied by the flooded the volume and obtained the mass of the product.